Count Out Change

Saturday, May 24, 2008

Before calculators and before the computerized cash registers, people actually had to count out change by themselves. Counting backwards ensures the return of accurate change. It is also important to count this way in your own mind when someone is giving you change from a purchase. If you do not know how to give or receive change from a large bill, you will never be sure that you were given the correct amount, or if the other person might have made an error or tried to cheat you. It is not difficult to do and is quite an easy and accurate method of counting change out.

Give change without using any math, except counting.
Note that there is no need to add, subtract or multiply.
Understand that if you are handed a large bill, for a smaller purchase amount that you always count forwards from the purchase amount.
Start counting with the smallest change, to the highest bill, until you reach the total amount you are make change for.

Hand Out Change

  1. Say that the purchase was for $5.22. The customer hands you $10.00. Immediately think, 5.22 out of ten.
  2. Count to yourself.....starting from the purchase amount with the change.
    • Start with each penny and one at a time say, 23 cents, 24 cents, 25 cents. Then take a nickel and say 30 cents a dime and say 40 cents then another dime say 50 cents, then take two quarters (50 cents) and say 6 Dollars.
    • Taking out one dollar bills, one at a time, say 7 dollars, 8 dollars. 9 dollars, 10 dollars.

  3. Notice that you have just counted forwards from the purchase amount to reach the 10.00 that was handed to you.
  4. Understand that if they had handed you $20.00, you would give them another $10.00, and you would say, "and 10 is 20 dollars".

  • Being proficient in math is not required to be a good cashier. You are not adding, only counting.
  • The same method is used when someone hands you back change. Start with the small change and count up to the total.
  • Practice this by getting a lot of pennies, nickels, dimes and use monopoly money if you do not have bills. Then make believe you are buying for different amounts, and count backwards, until you learn to do this easily and fast.

Keep Your Children Teen Safe Online

  • Internet access can give children an academic edge, help them explore their interests, and stay connected with friends and family. The Internet can also be a dangerous place and if not properly supervised children can be exposed to inappropriate material and even become victims of online predators. However, with proper precautions and supervision your whole family can enjoy the benefits of the Internet.
  • Place computers with Internet access in a central location in the home. When computers are in a central location they can be easily monitored but if placed in private places such as bedrooms children can quickly close inappropriate websites when they hear their parents coming.
  • Get rid of the webcam. Webcams can be a great way to communicate with your friends and family, but leaving a teen unsupervised with a webcam lead to your child’s strip show debut.
    Decide what online activities are age appropriate. Chat rooms, instant messaging, and websites such as YouTube, Myspace, and even Yahoo can be particularly dangerous for anybody under the age of 16. Any place where your child can be contacted privately by strangers is a potential lurking ground for predators. However, instant messaging and MySpace has become a popular form of communication. A reasonable compromise may be to allow your child to instant message/MySpace only people that they know in real life, and not new internet friends.
  • Discuss online behavior rules with your child. Write them down clearly and post them near the computer as a reminder. Instead of threatening your child that breaking the rules will mean that they must go to time-out, tell your child that breaking the rules will mean they lose internet privileges. Be clear about what your child can and cannot do online and be sure to emphasize the importance of keeping personal information private. Children should never tell anyone online their address, phone number, full name, school name or show anyone pictures of themselves.
  • Invest in monitoring and filtering software. Programs such as NetNanny and Cyberpatrol can help you monitor your child’s activities and block inappropriate websites. However, be aware that these programs do not replace a watchful parent and can easily be disabled by computer savvy teens.
  • Keep a close eye on behavior. Check your browser history frequently. Finding that the browser history has been cleared may be a sign that your child has been up to something they shouldn’t. Check your child’s favorites. Visit the websites they visit and see what it’s like for yourself.
  • Be aware of the warning signs that something is wrong. If your child quickly closes programs whenever you walk into the room or becomes very secretive about what they do online they are sending up a huge red flag that they are doing something they shouldn’t. Be especially wary if your child begins receiving phone calls that they are secretive about or starts receiving gifts in the mail from people you don’t know.
  • Talk to your child. This is probably the most important step. Talk to your child about internet safety and what can happen when people are not careful online. If your child goes online this is just as important as talking about smoking and drug use. Keep talking about it even if you think your child is being safe. Ask them about what they do online, who they talk to, what they saw. Show interest in what they do.
  • Remember that your job is to keep your kids safe, not be their best friend. They might be angry at your for restricting their actions online, but it’s worth it.

    • Protecting personal information should be your number one rule online.
    • Tell your child that they are never to meet someone in real life that they met online.
    • Remember to give your child more privileges online as they get older and let them prove to you that they are responsible.
    • Keep things age-appropriate. MySpace isn’t suitable for your 10 year old, but it would be reasonable for your 15 year old to have a private profile.
    • Some websites voluntarily restrict children’s access of certain features (such as yahoo chat). Children can easily get around this by lying about their birth date when they create an account. Tell your child never to lie about their age when signing up for something.

    • Computer savvy kids and teens may be able to disable monitoring software and cover their tracks to hide inappropriate behavior.
    • Internet predators are often smart and can easily manipulate even the smartest child. Just because your child is an honor student or never gets into trouble does not mean that they can not be taken advantage of.
    • Taking away the Internet privileges of a child or teen who is used to unrestricted access may lead to tantrums and door slamming. Be prepared for this.

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