A guide to type 2 diabetis

Friday, May 23, 2008

Type 2 diabetes affects more than 18 million U.S. children and adults.

Diabetes is a lifelong metabolic disorder that affects more than 20 million U.S. children and adults—about 90 percent of whom suffer from type 2 diabetes. The bodies of those affected by the disease either can't produce enough insulin or have cells that ignore the insulin. Insulin is vital for fueling the body’s cells, and when it can't effectively reach those cells, glucose builds up in the blood, leaving the cells starved for energy and potentially damaging the heart, eyes, kidneys, or nerves.

Understanding Insulin

Type 2 diabetes was originally known as non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes because some people can manage type 2 diabetes with a healthy diet, weight control, and regular exercise. However, many type 2 diabetics need to take insulin to stay healthy.

Those who do require insulin generally have to be injected one to four times daily—an invasive task that can conflict with daily routines. Exubera, the first dry-powder inhaled insulin, and diabetes sufferers can also use insulin pumps, which deliver insulin 24 hours a day through a catheter placed under the skin. Insulin will soon be available in pill form.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Although there is no single cause of type 2 diabetes, there are several factors that can put you at risk. These include:

• a family history of type 2 diabetes, and/or genetic predisposition;
• low levels of physical activity;
• poor nutrition;
• excess body weight, especially around the middle;
• high blood pressure, or hypertension;
• race or ethnicity (African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans are more likely to be affected);
• age (people 45 or older are at increased risk);
• a history of impaired glucose tolerance or gestational diabetes; and
• an HDL cholesterol of less than 35 mg/dL or triglyceride level of more than 250 mg/dL.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetis

Type 2 diabetes can be difficult to identify because many people who are affected don't initially experience symptoms. The following symptoms have all been linked to the disease:

• increased thirst;
• frequent urination;
• increased appetite;
• tiredness, or fatigue;
• blurry vision;
• increased or slow-to-heal infections; and
• erectile dysfunction.

Type 2 diabetis treatment options

If you suspect that you or a loved one may have type 2 diabetes, it's important to consult with a medical professional. A doctor will typically use a fast blood-glucose test, a random (non-fasting) blood-glucose test, and/or an oral glucose test to make a diagnosis. He or she can discuss options with you so that you can determine the best course of treatment.

In general, type 2 diabetes management focuses on learning the following skills:

• self-testing your blood-sugar levels;
• regular physical activity;
• following a foot-care regimen; and
• adhering to prescribed medicinal treatment.

In addition, it's important for type 2 diabetics to take control of their diet and nutrition. That includes choosing foods that are low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and salt, and consuming alcoholic beverages only in moderation. Type 2 diabetics should also make time to exercise daily and maintain a healthy weight.


Welcome Message

Hey there fellow bloggers ! I would like to welcome you here in my blog. Please relax and sit back while browsing .Make a comment, & suggestion. For exchanging links... let me know or leave me a message on my message box. Thank's for dropping by, I appreciate it and hope you come back again soon.

Message Box

ShoutMix chat widget

Disclosure Policy

This policy is valid from 01 December 2009 This blog is a personal blog written and edited by me. For questions about this blog, please contact mjane73@live.com. This blog accepts forms of cash advertising, sponsorship, paid insertions or other forms of compensation. This blog abides by word of mouth marketing standards. We believe in honesty of relationship, opinion and identity. The compensation received may influence the advertising content, topics or posts made in this blog. That content, advertising space or post will be clearly identified as paid or sponsored content. The owner(s) of this blog is compensated to provide opinion on products, services, websites and various other topics. Even though the owner(s) of this blog receives compensation for our posts or advertisements, we always give our honest opinions, findings, beliefs, or experiences on those topics or products. The views and opinions expressed on this blog are purely the bloggers' own. Any product claim, statistic, quote or other representation about a product or service should be verified with the manufacturer, provider or party in question. This blog does not contain any content which might present a conflict of interest. To get your own policy, go to http://www.disclosurepolicy.org

Blog Archieve